The term Beat Generation refers primarily to a group of American writers of the 1950s whose work strongly influenced the cultural transformations of the 1960s. The principal works of the movement are considered to be Jack Kerouac's On the Road (1957), Allen Ginsberg's 'Howl' (1956), and William S. Burroughs's Naked Lunch (1959).

The phrase was introduced by Jack Kerouac in approximately 1948 to describe his social circle to the novelist John Clellon Holmes (who published an early novel about the Beat Generation, titled Go, in 1952, along with a manifesto of sorts in the New York Times Magazine: "This is the beat generation"). The adjective "beat" (introduced to the group by Herbert Huncke) had the connotations of "tired" or "down and out", but Kerouac added the paradoxical connotations of "upbeat", "beatific", and the musical association of being "on the beat".

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page is a stub incorporating content from Wikipedia. You can help the CounterCulture Wikia grow by expanding it*. The original article was at but you are free to edit it. The text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License. *Get help from from Wikipedia: How to edit a page and Wikia tutorial then use your Back button to return to this page on CounterCulture Wikia.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.